About Jaisalmer
 
Jaisalmer "The Golden City", is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The town stands on a ridge of yellowish sandstone, crowned by a fort, which contains the palace and several ornate Jain temples. Many of the houses and temples are finely sculptured. It lies in the heart of the Thar Desert and has a population of about 78,000. It is the administrative headquarters of Jaisalmer District. Jaisalmer is almost entirely a sandy waste, forming a part of the great Indian desert. The general aspect of the area is that of an interminable sea of sandhills, of all shapes and sizes, some rising to a height of 150 ft. Those in the west are covered with log bushes, those in the east with tufts of long grass. Water is scarce, and generally brackish; the average depth of the wells is said to be about 250 ft. There are no perennial streams, and only one small river, the Kakni, which, after flowing a distance of 28 m., spreads over a large surface of flat ground, and forms a lake orjhil called the Bhuj-Jhil

History of Jaisalmer

Prior to middle 15th century rule, the region that is Bikaner was a barren wilderness called "Jangladesh". The territory forming the boundaries of Bikaner was possessed by Jat and Rajput clans: The north-eastern and north-western Rajasthan, known by the name Jangala Desh since Mahabharata times, was inhabited by Jat clans ruled by their own chiefs and largely governed by their own customary law. The chiefs enjoyed a large amount of autonomy, from their nominal overlord, the sultanate of Delhi.

Places to Visit

Jaisalmer Fort

Built in 1156 by the Bhati Rajput ruler Jaisal, it is situated on Trikuta Hill and had been the scene of many battles. Its massive sandstone walls are a tawny lion color during the day, turning to a magical honey-gold as the sun sets. The famous Indian film director Satyajit Ray wrote a detective novel and later turned it into a film – Sonar Kella (The Golden Fortress) which was based on this fort. This is a living fort and about a quarter of city's population still live inside the fort. The main attractions inside the fort are: Raj Mahal (Royal palace), Jain temples and the Laxminath temple.

Havelis

The main havelis in Jaisalmer are:
  • Patwon-ki-Haveli : Built by Guman Chand Patwa (and later by his five sons), a wealthy merchant and banker who had over three hundred trading centres from Afghanistan to China. This ornate five-storey complex took fifty years to complete. This is the largest, the most magnificent, and the most elaborate of Jaisalmer havelis.
  • Salim Singh-ki-Haveli : It was built by the scheming Prime Minister Salim Singh in 1815. It has a beautifully arched roof capped with blue cupolas and carved brackets in the form of peacocks.
  • Nathmalji-ki-Haveli : Built by a Prime Minister of princely state of Jaisalmer. Its facade is a riot of ornamentation: flowers, birds, elephants, soldiers, a bicycle and even a steam engine.
  • Simla Haveli' : this is a 500 year old builing in jaisalmer fort
Museums
  • Desert Culture Centre & Museum
  • Jaisalmer Folklore Museum
  • Government Museum
  • Mehra Haveli

Other Attractions
  • Gadsisar Lake
Excavated in 1367 by Rawal Gadsi Singh, it is a scenic rainwater lake surrounded by small temples and shrines.

In Neighbourhood
  • Bhattiani Sati Rani
  • Bada Bagh
  • Amar Sagar
  • Lodhruva
  • Mool Sagar
  • Kuldhara
  • Desert National Park
  • Sam sand dunes
  • Khuri village
  • Akal Wood fossil Park
  • Bhaniyana
Desert Festival

This is held over three days in Jan/Feb every year. This is the best time to visit Jaisalmer to witness many performing arts like Kalbelia dances and folk songs and music.
 
Language : Rajasthani
 
Welcome : Padharo Mahare Des
Reduce the price : Kum Karo
Too expensive : Ghadhon Mehengo
Room : Kamaro
Sit down : Baitho sa
Thank you : Dhanyawada Sa
River : Nadi
What are you doing : Kya Kar Karo So
Where : Kathaaye
Delicious : Chokhi
Till when : Kab tak
Elephant : Haathi
Camel : Ooth
Water : Paani - Jul
 
 
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