Shimla is the capital city of Himachal Pradesh. Located in north-west Himalayas at an altitude of 2,130 metres (6,988 ft), the city of Shimla, draped in forests of pine, rhododendron, and oak, experiences pleasant summers and cold, snowy winters. Shimla is often referred to as the "Queen of Hills" (a term coined by the British). The city is named after the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of the Hindu Goddess Kali.
The city is famous for its buildings styled in tudorbethan and neo-gothic architecture reminiscent of the colonial era. The Tudor Revival architecture of the 20th century (also called Mock Tudor or Tudorbethan), first manifested itself in domestic architecture beginning in the United Kingdom in the mid to late 19th century based on a revival of aspects of Tudo style.
The Tudor style in architecture is the final development of medieval architecture during the Tudor period (1485–1603) and even beyond, for conservative college patrons. It followed the Perpendicular style and, although superseded by Elizabethan architecture The four-centred arch, now known as the Tudor arch, was a defining feature.
History of Shimla
In 1864, Shimla was declared the summer capital of the erstwhile British Raj in India . A popular tourist destination, Shimla is often referred to as the "Queen of Hills" (a term coined by the British).. Shimla was annexed by the British in 1819 after the Gurkha War. At that time it was known for the temple of Hindu Goddess Shyamala Devi. Scottish civil servant Charles Pratt Kennedy built the first British summer home in the town in 1822.
The Gurkha War ( 1814– 1816), sometimes called the Gorkha War or the Anglo-Nepalese War, was fought between Nepal and the British East India Company as a result of border tensions .The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816.
The Sugauli Treaty was signed between the British East India Company and Nepal,. The treaty called for territorial concessions (areas which Nepal attacked and captured from India ) on the part of Nepal , the establishment of a British representative in Kathmandu, and allowed Britain to recruit Gurkhas for military service. Nepal also lost the right to deploy any American or European employee in its service (earlier several French commanders had been deployed to train the Nepali army).
Places to Visit
- Jakhoo Hill.: Highest Point in Shimla.
- The Ridge Road: The Ridge road is a large open space, located in the heart of Shima,. It runs east to west alongside the Mall Road, and joins it at the Scandal point on the west side.
- Neo-Gothic structure of Church from 1844 and a Tudorbethan styled library on the Ridge Road.
- Lakkar Bazaar, a wooden crafts market.
- Kufri is a tiny hill station in Shimla district. Kufri has a Himalyan Wild Life Zoo which hosts rare Antelopes, Birds and rare feline species.
- Tatta Pani, 55 kilometres (34.2 mi) from the main city, is the name of hot sulphur springs that are believed to have medicinal value located on the banks of river Satluj.
- The Shimla Ice Skating Club: Shimla is also home to Asia's only natural ice skating rink.
- The nearest broad gauge head is at Kalka - a four-hour journey from Delhi. After that, take the mountain train from Kalka to Shimla. This railway track has recently been granted the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Among the town's oldest eateries, Baljees offers delicious Western and Indian varieties.
Their desserts are not to be missed.
- Shopping : Shop at Lakkar Bazaar, a wooden crafts market for curios made of wood. Mall road also offers a variety of options suiting your needs